When Hiram Bingham arrived in what is today the Machupicchu Archaeological Park, the area had been abandoned since the fifteenth century, when Inca Huayna Cápac was still a young man.
With no inhabitants, there were no human factors to link Machupicchu with Cusco and other areas. Víctor Angles claims the last incas did not know about Machupicchu, which is why the spaniards never found it. In those days there were no roads or communities leading there.
Researcher Waldemar Espinoza Soriano claims Picchu was city or Llacta built in the hidden territories of Pachacútec, put together on the edge of cliffs and well away from the main roads. He claimed " The Spanish chroniclers make no mention of the place, and probably even the Andean people didn't know about it, except for the Inca himself and Pachacútec’s clan. Picchu played a defensive role it was a hideout with all services installed to be able to withstand a siege for decades."
Peruvian historian José Tamayo Herrera denies Machupicchu was unknown in colonial times. José Uriel García discovered an ancient document written by Manuela Almirón y Villegas, who sold lands called Pijchu, Machupijchu and Wayna Pijchu, on August 8, 1,776 to Pedro Antonio de Ochoa for 350 pesos. He then sold them in 1,782 to Marco Antonio de la Cámara, Urubamba governor, for 450 pesos.
Tamayo Herrera bases his claims on Rowe’s findings and adds: "The value of Machupijchu for the incas was that it was a religious and magical site, as well as being a beautiful landscape. The Hanan were fascinated by landscapes mountains, hills, snow-capped peaks, cliffs and forests came together to form a unique landscape in Machupijchu. The landscape was like a religion in itself for the incas. That was why they chose Machupijchu".
Machupicchu was a hidden sanctuary, a peaceful city and a place for meditation. It was a place where rites were held using the coca leaf where there was a Ajllawasi. Historian Marino Sánchez claims that the inhabitants abandoned it inexplicably in 1,565, whereupon the jungle swallowed it up for centuries.